The Difference Between 304 vs 430 Stainless Steel Pipe

What Is 304 Stainless Steel Pipe?

The most functional and popular stainless steel is grade 304, which is also the most adaptable. The best overall performance stainless steel at a reasonable price is provided by its chemical composition, mechanical qualities, weldability, and resistance to corrosion and oxidation. Stainless Steel Pipe 304 Pipe can be used in applications with high temperature and pressure.

What Is 430 Stainless Steel Pipe?

A particularly popular ferritic, non-hardenable stainless steel is 430 stainless steel pipes. The mechanical qualities 430 are good, including good heat and oxidation resistance with good corrosion resistance up to 1500°F. When highly polished or buffed, the maximum corrosion resistance is displayed by stainless steel 430 pipe. Stress corrosion cracking resistance is very high for all ferritic grades.

Difference Between 304 and 430 Stainless Steel

A widely recognized grade of ferritic stainless steel with magnetic properties is 430. The most popular grade of stainless steel with non-magnetic characteristics is 304. The 430 composition contains iron with less than 1% nickel up to 18% chromium, silicon, phosphorus, sulfur, and manganese. With 18% chromium, carbon, manganese, silicon, phosphorus, sulfur, nitrogen, and iron, the 304 has 8% nickel in its composition.

Thanks to this chemical composition, the 304 materials have a minimum yield strength and tensile strength of 215 MPa and 505 MPa, respectively. The minimum yield and tensile strength of material 430 are up to 260 MPa and 600 MPa, respectively. 430 has a melting point that can reach 1510 degrees Celsius. The 304 material is denser than the 430 substance.

Magnetic Properties of 304 and 430 Stainless Steel

The ferritic and magnetic substance 430. It is categorized as a soft ferritic substance since it could be easily demagnetized. The austenitic, non-magnetic substance in 304 is. These materials’ magnetic and non-magnetic properties help them deal with magnetic and electric fields. The 430 material’s magnetic characteristics can be altered by heat treatment, heat hardening, or elevated temperatures, whereas the 304 material cannot; it is always non-magnetic.